Surface and Subsurface Methods of Mineral Exploration
Geological surveys provide exploration and mining companies with pre-competitive geoscientific data that is designed to encourage the company to undertake further exploration. Geological methods rely on the identification of rocks and minerals and an understanding of the environment in which they formed.3 Technologies in Exploration, Mining, and Processing,,Technologies in Exploration, Mining, and Processing INTRODUCTION The life cycle of mining begins with exploration, continues through production, and ends with closure and postmining land use.Minerals, Surface Rights and Royalty Payments,The grant of the mineral lease gives the mineral lessee the implied right to use as much of the surface as is reasonably necessary for the exploration and development of the minerals. The surface owner’s consent is not required for this right to be exercised. The mineral lessee is liable for surface damages only in limited situations.