Open Pit Mining Techniques|Surface Mines|Rock or Mineral,
Open-pit mining, also known as opencast mining, open-cut mining, and strip mining, means a process of digging out rock or minerals from the earth by their elimination from an open pit or borrow. The word is used to distinguish this type of mining from extractive methods that need tunneling into the earth.Surface Mining Methods and Equipment,UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS CIVIL ENGINEERING – Vol. II - Surface Mining Methods and Equipment - J. Yamatomi and S. Okubo ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) SURFACE MINING METHODS AND EQUIPMENT J. Yamatomi and S. Okubo University of Tokyo, Japan Keywords: Mining method, surface mining, open pit mining, open cast mining, placer mining, solution mining…‘We’ve suffered enough’: Durham locals fight new open-cast,,The Bradley open-cast coal mining site in the Pont valley, with top soil and sub soil removed to prepare for further extraction. Public footpaths into the valley have been lost.